The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, which is also known as the Pacific trash vortex is a patch of sea debris particles formed near the central North Pacific Ocean. The patch is shaped over an intermediate area with a lot of plastic concentration in it. The patch contains high concentrations of pelagic plastics, chemical sludge and other debris. It is low in density and hence, a complete photo is not visible with satellite photography too. Know some interesting facts about this large garbage patch related to its formation, discovery and current state.
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, which is located between California and Hawaii is the area where plastic rubbish accumulates because of ocean currents. It is around three times the size of Spain. The Ocean Cleanup trash-collecting barriers have been thru a number of iterations since their theory around 5 years ago. The latest, and final model that will be towed out to the Great Pacific Garbage Patch later in the year, harnesses the power of wind and surface waves to sweep thru the area, gathering up plastic waste as it goes.
Plastic waste gathered by means of the system will be hauled away with the aid of a vessel each few months, and taken to land to be recycled. The system is modular, so the group says it can be subtle and scaled up through the years. The finishing touches at the moment are being delivered to the first device, with a final spherical of checking out to play out earlier than it launches for the Great Pacific Garbage Patch later within the year.
All electronics of the Ocean Cleanup system, such as sensors, cameras, lights, navigation modules and satellite antennas, are powered by solar energy. It plans to deploy 60 of them in total, which it expects to clean up 50 percent of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch every five years. The video below provides an overview of the final design
Here are the basic facts about the Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch:
- 7 million tons of weight
- Twice the size of Texas
- Up to 9 feet deep
- In the Great Pacific Ocean Gyre there is 6 times more plastic than plankton, which the main food for many ocean animals
- By estimation 80% of the plastic originates from land; floating in rivers to the ocean or blew by the wind into the ocean
- The remaining 20% of the plastic originates from oil platforms and ships
- According scientist it is the largest plastic dump on earth; so plastic patches are larger than waste dumps on land
- Trash patches consist for 80 percent out of plastic
- Scientific research from the Scrips Institution of Oceanography in California U.S. shows that 5 to 10% of the fish contain small pieces of plastic.
Not only does plastic pollution in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch pose risks for the safety and health of marine animals, but there are health and economic implications for humans as well.
Read Also: Why We Must Reduce Plastic in The Ocean?
Plastic has increasingly become a ubiquitous substance in the ocean. Due to its size and color, animals confuse the plastic for food, causing malnutrition; it poses entanglement risks and threatens their overall behavior, health and existence.